While the router itself has the private IP of 192.168.1.254, it assigns any devices in its network a different, private IP address. All IP addresses on a network should have a unique address (within that network) to avoid IP address conflicts.
Other common private IP addresses used by modems and routers are 192.168.1.100 and 192.168.1.101.
The Router's Control PanelA router's default gateway IP address is set by the manufacturer at the factory, but you can change it at any time using its control panel. Entering 'http://192.168.1.254' (or simply click 192.168.1.254) into a web browser's address bar enables access to your router's control panel. Here you can change the router's IP as well as configure several other options, depending on your router.
Once you have access to your router's control panel, you can configure the router in several ways. First off, be sure to set a secure username/password combination. Without that, anyone can access your router's panel and change its settings without your knowledge.
Routers usually allow users to change other settings, including the IP addresses it has assigned to devices on the network.
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